The landscape of mobile app development continues to evolve, with a wide range of programming languages, frameworks, and tools coming up. The first step and one that lays down the foundation of the mobile app development process is picking a language. There are hundreds of choices with varying complexities and functionality. An android app development company can help you understand which programming language out of these would be the most suitable.

There is no absolute answer for which language is worth investing your time and money in. The application’s objective, OS platform, target audience, etc., are some features that need to be considered. If you are unaccustomed to the process of mobile app development and are puzzled about where to begin, here are the five languages that top app developers use.

JavaScript

JavaScript is one of the most popular choices for mobile app development due to its versatility and extensive usability. It is used for the dynamic front-end development of websites and applications. JavaScript has been used by leading names like Facebook, YouTube, and Twitter to deliver engaging content to users. It continues to occupy a prominent position in app development due to its flexibility and capabilities.

An android app development company adept in JavaScript can deliver applications that are versatile and easy to work with. JavaScript can be parallelly employed with other programming languages to improve the functionality of the application.

The features that make JavaScript a universally accepted language for app development are:

  • Can be used on the server side as well with Node.js
  • Has a flexible syntax
  • Capable of working across multiple browsers
  • Uses frameworks like jQuery, Angular, and React.js
  • Full-stack development language
  • Can be used to develop cross-platform apps
  • Client-side validation which reduces server load

Swift

If you are looking for iOS development, Swift is where you should begin. Although relatively new, Swift has risen in popularity due to its performance and profitability. Swift’s IDE- Xcode is self-reliant and assertive. The language is also easy for developers to read, learn and code. It is a type-safe language that allows developers to catch errors easily. Additionally, Swift can also be applied to the server-side. It has surpassed Objective C in popularity, speed, features, and performance.

Some of the essential features of this programming language are:

  • Concise and easy to use syntax
  • Quick execution of code
  • Highly secure
  • Low maintenance required
  • Interactive development process
  • Compact language
  • Easy to read source codes

Kotlin

A language that every android app development company will vouch for is Kotlin. The native support and functional programming are bound to make Kotlin the next big thing in the app development industry. It is a typesafe programming language with excellent community support. Kotlin is regarded as the official language for android app development and has several IDEs such as Android Studio and IntelliJ IDEA. Companies like Uber and Trello use Kotlin as the programming language to deliver an exceptional user experience.

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The reasons that make Kotlin so popular amongst app developers are:

  • Has fewer errors and crashes
  • Enhanced code maintainability
  • Can comply with existing Java code
  • Deliver consistent results
  • Clean syntax and  code

Python

Python is an open-source language known for its flexibility. It uses less code than other languages making it easy to learn and compile. Python has been used by YouTube, Reddit, and Instagram for general-purpose programming. This server-side language can be easily integrated and requires low maintenance. It can also be used in association with other programming languages to yield interactive and scalable applications.

Some features of Python are:

  • Modular programming
  • Easy to launch
  • Reusable code
  • Low maintenance cost with integrated debuggers
  • Portable and dynamic
  • Concise and straightforward syntax
  • Easy to deploy and extensible
  • Conserves time and money
  • Easy to learn for beginners
  • Supports multiple platforms and environments
  • Allows multi-programming
  • Flexible programming with the availability of many frameworks

Java

Java is one of the most popular mobile application programming languages used by leading companies like Twitter and Spotify. Java is a platform-independent language used by multiple startups and tech giants. The reusability of source codes is a significant advantage of Java. Moreover, the language is easy to learn, use, read, compile, edit or debug. This makes Java a favorable option for android app developers India in need of a reliable object-oriented programming language.

There is a large and active community of Java developers offering comprehensive documentation and support. The open-source libraries of Java can help in the rapid development of applications. Some other advantages of using Java for mobile app development are listed below.

  • Modular programs available
  • Better security features
  • Offers an improved performance
  • Supports multi-thread programming
  • Dynamic and Extensible language

Final thoughts

The mobile app development industry is ever-evolving, with better technologies coming up with every passing day. It is essential to be aware of which languages are performing well in order to develop robust applications that can compete in the market. There are several programming languages used by android app developers India such as C++, Ruby, Scala, PHP, Rust, etc. Java and Kotlin can be used for android, while Swift can be used for iOS devices. If you wish to develop a cross-platform application, go for more mainstream choices like JavaScript. The programming languages mentioned above are expected to stay relevant for a long time to come, making it worth your while to learn or invest in them.

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